Top Careers for Young People in Canada

Young people in Canada have plenty of choice when it comes to career development and growth. Graduates find employment in fields such as healthcare, IT, finance, engineering, pharmacy, and others. Given that many university graduates have student loans to repay, money (and salary) is an important factor in career choice.


Graduates with a degree in Medicine, Pharmacy, or related work in different settings, including hospitals, clinics, private offices, outpatient care centres, etc. Top career choices for young professionals include registered nurse, pharmacist, general practitioner, cardiology technologist, surgeon, and others. The average salary for surgeons, for example, is at $196,000. General practitioners are paid $123,699 on average. General practitioners refer patients to other healthcare professionals, offer advice, prescribe medications, and conduct check-ups. Surgeons treat diseases, disorders, and injuries through operation. They specialize in different areas such as dermatology, cardiology, ophthalmology, and gastroenterology. In general, physicians have different subs-specialties and specialties and work in different fields. They work as radiologists, pathologists, allergists, infectious disease physicians, endocrinologists, pediatricians, gynecologists, and so on.

Information Technology (IT)

Information technology is a fast-growing industry in Canada and around the world. IT professionals work for small businesses, corporations, universities, and organizations. Top career choices include system administrator, IT technician, web developer, software engineer, and programmer analyst. The average salary of software engineers in Canada is at about $69,600 while system administrators are paid about $57,825 on average.

Finance and Economics

Young professionals with a degree in Finance, Economics, or Accounting have good job prospects in Canada. Top career choices include banking and credit manager, purchasing manager, business services manager, and financial manager. The median salary for purchasing managers, for example, stands at $83,429, with wage growth at 15 percent. Banking and credit managers are paid $87,464 on average. Top choices also include positions such as account executive consultant, financial analyst, and business administrative officer. Financial analysts, for example, are tasked with database maintenance, data comparison and analysis, collecting and analyzing operational data, identifying trends, and monitoring variances. Financial managers monitor cash flows, interpret financial results and information, develop and manage budgets, and develop business and strategic plans. They work with and develop relationships with statutory organizations, bankers, solicitors, and auditors. Financial managers work in different settings such as universities, retailers, trusts, multinational corporations, and manufacturing plants. They also work for businesses, financial institutions, charities, and organizations.


Engineers find employment in different fields and industries, including biomedicine, manufacturing plants, mines, and others. There is a host of positions for engineers in Canada, including civil, mechanical, and electrical engineer, chemical engineer, maritime engineer, and others. The average salary for mechanical engineers is about $64,000. The salary ranges from $47,123 to $93,191, depending on experience, degree level, and other factors. The average salary for chemical engineers stands at $64,553. Chemical engineers are better paid in Edmonton, Calgary, and Vancouver. The hourly pay in Ottawa, Waterloo, and London stands at $38.46 on average. Engineering careers with good prospects also include positions such as construction manager, chemical process and petroleum engineer, aerospace engineer, and locomotive engineer. The average salary for aerospace engineers stands at about $89,000, with wage growth of close to 33 percent. Chemical process and petroleum engineers are paid $104,000, with average growth of about 14 percent.

Other Career Paths

The list of top career choices includes professions such as lawyer, telecommunication manager, firefighter, police officer, and university professor. The average salary for lawyers stands at about $72,800. University professors are paid $136,000 on average. The salary varies for different positions, for example, lecturers, instructors, associate professors, faculty, and assistant professors.

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Youth Health and Prevention of Common Non-Communicable Diseases

There are certain things to do to lower the risk of developing non-communicable diseases such as respiratory and heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise, avoiding alcohol, tobacco, and drugs, and eating a healthy diet help to this end.

Preventing Diabetes

To prevent type 2 diabetes, it is important to limit refined carbohydrates and foods that are high in sugar. The reason is that sugar and other simple carbs are quickly absorbed into your bloodstream. Regular exercise is also essential. This is because the body needs to produce less insulin to keep glucose levels in check. Smoking also increases the risk of developing diabetes. In fact, multiple studies have shown that smoking is bad for your health and contributes to life-threatening conditions such as prostate, breast, and lung cancer, emphysema, heart disease, and others.

Preventing Heart Disease

Keep your heart and body healthy to lower the risk of developing heart disease. Avoid unhealthy foods that are high in sodium content, sugar, trans fat, and saturated fat. Foods that are loaded with saturated fat include palm and coconut oil, full-fat dairy, and red meat. Other sources of saturated fat include chips, crackers, packaged snacks, and deep-fried fast foods. Watch for products with labels that read hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated. This shows that they contain unhealthy fats. Consume more seeds and legumes, nuts, fish, whole-grain foods, and vegetables and fruits. Physical activity and exercise also help, whether running, jogging, brisk walking, or anything else. There are different strategies to keep your heart healthy, but you can’t change factors such as age, sex, genes, and family history. This means that it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle and learn more about cardiovascular disease. Signs of stroke include speech difficulty, arm weakness, and face drooping while heart attack signs include shortness of breath, physical discomfort, chest discomfort, lightheadedness, nausea, and cold sweat.

Preventing Lung Disease

Obviously, smoking is one of the key factors to consider. The list of diseases associated with smoking is quite long, from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer to asthma, stroke, and heart disease. Smoking also increases the risk for pancreatic, stomach, liver, cervix, and colon cancer as well as cataracts and blindness. When it comes to lung cancer, multiple studies have shown that smoking is the major factor and is, in fact, responsible for close to 90 percent of deaths. Even if you don’t smoke, it is important so stay away from third-hand and second-hand smoke. There are other things to do to keep your lungs healthy, and one is to keep your house clean. Construction materials, pet dander, mould, and air fresheners are bad for your lungs. You may also want to change the air filter of your furnace on a regular basis. Regular and long-term exposure to mists, vapors, and gases is also harmful and so is exposure to fumes and dust. If you are exposed to harmful substances or materials at work, it is important to wear mask and follow safety precautions.

Preventing Cancer

To reduce the risk of developing cancer, it is essential to maintain a healthy weight, exercise regularly, and eat a healthy diet, including beans, whole grains, legumes, and fruit and vegetables. Overweight increases the risk for different types of cancer, including kidney, colon, lung, prostate, and breast cancer.