Youth Health and Prevention of Common Non-Communicable Diseases

There are certain things to do to lower the risk of developing non-communicable diseases such as respiratory and heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise, avoiding alcohol, tobacco, and drugs, and eating a healthy diet help to this end.

Preventing Diabetes

To prevent type 2 diabetes, it is important to limit refined carbohydrates and foods that are high in sugar. The reason is that sugar and other simple carbs are quickly absorbed into your bloodstream. Regular exercise is also essential. This is because the body needs to produce less insulin to keep glucose levels in check. Smoking also increases the risk of developing diabetes. In fact, multiple studies have shown that smoking is bad for your health and contributes to life-threatening conditions such as prostate, breast, and lung cancer, emphysema, heart disease, and others.

Preventing Heart Disease

Keep your heart and body healthy to lower the risk of developing heart disease. Avoid unhealthy foods that are high in sodium content, sugar, trans fat, and saturated fat. Foods that are loaded with saturated fat include palm and coconut oil, full-fat dairy, and red meat. Other sources of saturated fat include chips, crackers, packaged snacks, and deep-fried fast foods. Watch for products with labels that read hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated. This shows that they contain unhealthy fats. Consume more seeds and legumes, nuts, fish, whole-grain foods, and vegetables and fruits. Physical activity and exercise also help, whether running, jogging, brisk walking, or anything else. There are different strategies to keep your heart healthy, but you can’t change factors such as age, sex, genes, and family history. This means that it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle and learn more about cardiovascular disease. Signs of stroke include speech difficulty, arm weakness, and face drooping while heart attack signs include shortness of breath, physical discomfort, chest discomfort, lightheadedness, nausea, and cold sweat.

Preventing Lung Disease

Obviously, smoking is one of the key factors to consider. The list of diseases associated with smoking is quite long, from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer to asthma, stroke, and heart disease. Smoking also increases the risk for pancreatic, stomach, liver, cervix, and colon cancer as well as cataracts and blindness. When it comes to lung cancer, multiple studies have shown that smoking is the major factor and is, in fact, responsible for close to 90 percent of deaths. Even if you don’t smoke, it is important so stay away from third-hand and second-hand smoke. There are other things to do to keep your lungs healthy, and one is to keep your house clean. Construction materials, pet dander, mould, and air fresheners are bad for your lungs. You may also want to change the air filter of your furnace on a regular basis. Regular and long-term exposure to mists, vapors, and gases is also harmful and so is exposure to fumes and dust. If you are exposed to harmful substances or materials at work, it is important to wear mask and follow safety precautions.

Preventing Cancer

To reduce the risk of developing cancer, it is essential to maintain a healthy weight, exercise regularly, and eat a healthy diet, including beans, whole grains, legumes, and fruit and vegetables. Overweight increases the risk for different types of cancer, including kidney, colon, lung, prostate, and breast cancer.